princ_rm_photo_of_salmonella1Victorien T. Dougnon, Honoré S. Bankolé, Patrick A. Edorh, Jacques T. Dougnon, Modeste Gouissi, Armelle Hounkpatin, Sabine Montcho, Hervé Azonhè, Jean-Robert Klotoé, Michel Boko

Interfaculty Center of Formation and Research in Environment for the Sustainable Development, Laboratory of Toxicology and Environmental Health, University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), 01 BP 1463 Cotonou, Benin

Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Biochemistry and Cellular Biology, University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), 01 BP 526 Cotonou, Benin

Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi, Department of Human Biology, University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 2009 Cotonou, Benin

Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi, Department of Animal Production and Health, Research Laboratory in Applied Biology , University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 2009 Cotonou, Benin

Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Department of Geography, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin

Key words: Escherichia coli, salmonellas, coliforms, microbiology.

Abstract

This study has evaluated the microbiological quality of the leaves of Solanum macrocarpum L. cultivated with chicken’s droppings and water of watering. A pilot site at Glo and market-gardening sites of Houeyiho, Fidjrosse and Agongbomey were used as sites of study. The salmonellas and fecal coliforms whose Escherichia coli were required in the environment of culture of Solanum macrocarpum L. Eight samples resulting respectively from water of watering; ground and leaves were analyzed. No salmonella was detected on these samples. Water of watering of the pilot site of Glo is not contaminated by Escherichia coli compared to those of the sites of Houeyiho (1.8.104 ± 28.42 UFC/100 ml) ; Fidjrosse (0.95.104 ±70.10 UFC/100 ml) ; Agongbomey (5545 ± 77.53 UFC/100 ml) (p<0.05).

greensalmonella_406x250The leaves of Solanum macrocarpum L. were contaminated by Escherichia coli with different degrees according to the site: Glo (35.65.104 ± 457.08 UFC/g); Houeyiho (0,95.103 ± 70.71 UFC/g); Fidjrosse (1.103 ± 0 UFC/g) ; Agongbomey (0.9.103 ± 0 UFC/g) (p<0.05). In addition, Escherichia coli is strongly developed on the leaves of Solanum macrocarpum L. from the pilot site of Glo with a neutral pH (7.305 ± 0.064) compared to the other sites: 6.550 at Houeyiho; 6.480 at Fidjrosse and 6.445 at Agongbomey (p<0.05). The study has shown that the leaves of Solanum macrocarpum L. are contaminated by the enterobacteria and their consumption may expose the populations to some risks of enteric diseases.

Get the original articles in Source: Volume 2, Number 2, February 2012 – IJB

Published By: International Journal of Biosciences (IJB)

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